BEHAVIORAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS OF DEMENTIA: AN OVERVIEW OF THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS AND ASSOCIATED NONPHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENTS FOR BPSD
Arlinda Cerga-Pashoja, Asmae Doukani, Parthenia Giannakopoulou
Care Weekly 2018;2:32-42
Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) such as agitation and aggression are core symptoms of dementia and affect almost everyone with the condition. Such symptoms cause distress to the person with dementia and their caregivers and have also been found to predict early institutionalisation as well as death. Historically, BPSD have been managed with medication, typically using anti-psychotic drugs. However, recent data show that anti-psychotic medications increase mortality and the risk of stroke in people with dementia. On the other hand, non-pharmacological interventions such as sensory manipulation, psychological therapies and providing training and psychoeducation for caregivers, present more encouraging results. Consequently, there is a need to explore the potential impact of non-pharmacological interventions on BPSD.
Arlinda Cerga-Pashoja ; Asmae Doukani ; Parthenia Giannakopoulou (2018): Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia: An Overview of Theoretical Frameworks and Associated Non-Pharmacological Treatments for BPSD. Care Weekly. http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/cw.2018.11